📣 Discover Absolute Cash Flow Mastery with a Centralized AR Hub:
Join Our Exclusive Webinar on June 20 at 11 AM PDT.
Reserve Your Spot.

What is a Disclosure Statement?

What is a Disclosure Statement?

Disclosure Statement Definition

A disclosure statement is an official document or statement that outlines key information about a financial transaction, relationship, or agreement to the parties involved.

Purpose of a Disclosure Statement

The disclosure statement informs all parties of relevant details, risks, terms, conditions, or conflicts of interest that may affect their decision-making or involvement. The effectiveness of a disclosure statement depends on its clarity, completeness, and the accessibility of the information it contains. Proper disclosure helps build trust, facilitates informed decision-making, and protects the parties involved from future disputes or legal issues. 

In a business-to-business (B2B) transaction, a disclosure statement is used to communicate vital financial information between businesses engaging in partnerships or agreements. The statement aims to ensure that all parties have a clear, accurate understanding of the financial aspects and potential risks involved in their dealings. The focus on transparency and thorough information sharing helps companies make informed decisions, manage risk, and improve financial relationships.

Also, a disclosure statement can be used "in lieu of" other documentation or requirements, where traditional documentation isn't available, practical, or required by specific regulations or agreements.

Uses of a Disclosure Statement

While the disclosure statement is an important document that captures all the necessary details of a transaction or agreement, its uses vary according to the industry and context it serves:

Financial Services and Investments

In the financial industry, disclosure statements are crucial for informing investors about the risks, costs, and expected returns of an investment product. For example, a mutual fund and retirement plan provide disclosure documents that detail the fund’s objectives, fees, and performance history.

Real Estate

In real estate transactions, sellers often provide prospective buyers with a property disclosure statement. This document outlines any known defects or issues with the property, such as a leaky roof or foundation problems, to ensure the potential buyer is fully informed before the purchase.

Legal Agreements

Disclosure statements can also be part of legal agreements or settlements. They outline the terms, conditions, and any relevant information that could influence the parties' understanding or agreement.

Regulatory Compliance

A company or organization issues disclosure statements to comply with regulatory requirements. For example, public companies need to disclose financial performance and other significant information to shareholders and the public, often through annual reports and quarterly filings.

Conflict of Interest

In situations where there might be a conflict of interest, such as a professional offering advice that could benefit them financially, a disclosure statement is used to reveal that conflict to all relevant parties.

Types of Disclosure Statements

Disclosure statements reveal important information, conditions, or risks in a transaction, agreement, or decision. These statements vary in form and content based on their specific purpose, ranging from financial dealings to real estate transactions. Below are the different types of disclosure statements commonly encountered:

  • Financial Disclosure Statements: Outline an individual's or entity's financial status, detailing assets, liabilities, income, and expenses. These are often required in loan applications, legal proceedings, and investment activities.
  • Real Estate Disclosure Statements: Inform the prospective buyers about the condition and history of a property, including any defects or issues that may affect its value or desirability.
  • Legal Disclosure Statements: Used in legal agreements to disclose the terms, conditions, and any material facts that might influence the parties' understanding or agreement.
  • Product Disclosure Statements: Provide consumers the details about a product or service, including its features, risks, and terms and conditions. These are common in the insurance and investment product sectors.
  • Conflict of Interest Disclosure: Reveal any personal or financial interest that may influence an individual's recommendations or decisions, aiming to prevent conflicts of interest in professional advice or governance.
  • Environmental Disclosure Statements: Detail the environmental impact of a company's operations, including any risks or liabilities associated with environmental compliance and sustainability.
  • Regulatory Disclosure Statements: Required by government agencies, these documents inform the public or specific regulatory bodies about a company's adherence to regulations, often focusing on financial health, safety standards, or environmental practices.

How to Create a Disclosure Statement?

Creating a disclosure statement is a crucial process that involves conveying important information transparently to inform decisions or agreements. These statements should be clear, comprehensive, and tailored to the specific context in which they are used, whether it be financial, real estate, or any other area requiring transparency. The creation of a disclosure statement is typically the responsibility of the party who possesses or controls the information being disclosed. The creator, also known as the author, could be a seller in a real estate transaction, a company issuing securities to the public, a financial advisor, or any party required to present transparent and pertinent information as per legal, regulatory, or ethical standards. The author compiles and discloses all necessary details to inform the recipient adequately, ensuring transparency and facilitating informed decision-making. In legal and financial contexts, the accuracy and completeness of the information provided by the author are critical, as they bear responsibility for the content of the disclosure statement.

The specific content and format of a disclosure statement can vary widely depending on its context, such as financial transactions, real estate, legal agreements, or regulatory compliance. Here are some of the key components that need to be considered while creating a disclosure statement:

  • Identify the Purpose: Clearly define the goal of the disclosure statement. Understanding its objective guides the content and ensures relevance to the intended audience.
  • Gather Relevant Information: Collect all necessary details that need to be disclosed. This includes any data, conditions, or risks related to the subject matter.
  • Be Clear and Concise: Use straightforward language to ensure the information is easily understood. Avoid jargon or technical terms that could obscure the meaning.
  • Organize Information Logically: Structure the statement in a way that leads the reader naturally through the information. Group related details together for coherence.
  • Highlight Key Points: Emphasize the most important pieces of information, especially those that significantly impact decisions or outcomes.
  • Ensure Accuracy: Verify all the details included in the statement to prevent errors or misinformation.
  • Review Legal Requirements: Understand and comply with any legal obligations related to the disclosure. This may vary by jurisdiction or industry.
  • Update as Necessary: Keep the statement current by revising it to reflect any changes in circumstances or new information.

Benefits of a Disclosure Statement

By clearly outlining relevant information, conditions, or risks, these documents play a critical role in informed decision-making processes. The benefits of utilizing disclosure statements effectively include:

  • Enhances Transparency: Ensures all parties have access to the necessary information, fostering an environment of openness.
  • Builds Trust: By openly sharing details, disclosure statements help build trust between parties, which is crucial for successful relationships and agreements.
  • Outlines Financial Terms: It specifies the terms of financing, payment schedules, interest rates, fees, and any penalties for late payments, providing a clear financial roadmap of the agreement.
  • Facilitates Informed Decision Making: Provides a comprehensive overview of the important facts, allowing individuals to make decisions based on a full understanding of the situation.
  • Reduces Risk of Disputes: Clear communication of terms, conditions, and risks helps prevent misunderstandings that could lead to disputes.
  • Complies with Legal Requirements: Meets legal obligations for transparency and information sharing, thereby avoiding potential legal penalties.
  • Protects Against Liability: By disclosing known risks or issues, entities can reduce their liability if problems arise from undisclosed information.
  • Improves Reputation: Organizations that consistently provide clear and accurate disclosure statements can enhance their reputation for integrity and reliability.


1. What is a Disclosure Requirement?

A disclosure requirement is a legal or regulatory obligation that mandates individuals, companies, or other entities to provide specific, important information about their activities, financial status, or other relevant aspects. These requirements aim to ensure transparency, protect stakeholders, and facilitate informed decision-making by ensuring that all parties have access to crucial data. Disclosure requirements vary across industries and contexts, reflecting the need for openness in financial transactions, environmental impacts, health and safety risks, and more. By complying with these mandates, an entity contributes to a fair, transparent, and accountable operational environment.

2. What is a Disclosure Form?

A disclosure form is a document that individuals or organizations fill out to provide essential information as required by law, regulations, or agreements. It serves to openly share details about financial positions, potential conflicts of interest, specific conditions of a property, or other pertinent data relevant to a transaction or situation. The primary purpose of a disclosure form is to ensure transparency, support informed decision-making, and uphold ethical standards by making all relevant information accessible to those who need it. The form is used across various sectors, including real estate, finance, and healthcare, to facilitate honesty and trust in professional and personal dealings.

3. What is a Disclosure Statement in Law?

A disclosure statement in law is a document that parties in a legal case must provide, containing all relevant information and documents related to the case. This requirement ensures that both sides have access to the necessary facts and evidence to prepare their arguments and defenses adequately. The purpose of a disclosure statement is to promote fairness and transparency in legal proceedings by preventing surprises during trials or hearings. It enables an informed decision-making process, allowing the court and all involved parties to understand the details of the case thoroughly. This practice is essential for the integrity of legal processes, helping to ensure that judgments are based on a complete understanding of the facts.

4. What are the Federal Rules Applicable to the Disclosure Statement?

Federal rules for a disclosure statement vary depending on the specific context, such as financial services, healthcare, or real estate. Generally, these rules mandate that entities provide clear, accurate, and comprehensive information about the relevant subject matter. For financial services, this includes risks, fees, and terms of products or services. In healthcare, it involves patient rights and privacy policies. In real estate, sellers must disclose known property defects. These regulations aim to protect consumers, investors, and other stakeholders by ensuring transparency and enabling informed decisions. Compliance with these rules is essential, as failure to adhere can result in legal penalties, fines, and damage to reputation. Federal agencies, like the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) or the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), often oversee the enforcement of these disclosure requirements.

Growfin book a demo

Don't miss these stories: